Quick Facts

  • Due to mercury concerns, recycling fluorescent bulbs is highly recommended by the Maryland Dept. of Environment and is required for many facilities throughout the state
  • Crushing fluorescent bulbs is allowed in Maryland
  • Crushed bulbs are considered universal waste in Maryland
  • Prepaid bulb recycling by mail is allowed in Maryland

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Recycling Options Available in Maryland


Crushes fluorescent lamps of any size while removing mercury vapors. Reduces labor, recycling costs, and storage vs. packing lamps.

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Fill up containers with bulbs, ballasts, batteries, or e-waste at your own pace and mail back via prepaid shipping.

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For larger amounts of bulbs, ballasts, batteries, or e-waste. Trucks come pick up waste at your location for recycling.

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Detailed Maryland Fluorescent Bulb Recycling Regulations

The stringency table below provides examples of state regulations compared to the EPA regulations. We strongly recommend that you discuss stringency with your primary state regulatory contact. This information should not be interpreted as definitive legal guidance. This document was produced in June 2004, and we do not guarantee its accuracy after that date, as state policies may change at any time.

("same" means the state policy is the same as the federal policy)


Jurisdiction: Federal EPA

Generator Exemption (CESQG): Generators producing less than 100 kg (220 pounds) of hazardous waste (HW) or 1 kg acute HW in each month, including all HW generated. CESQGs are exempt from federal rules, but not exempt from liability (40 CFR 261.5)

Where can waste from CESQG go? Waste may go to any Municipal Solid Waste Landfill (MSWLF)

Can the waste be declared non-hazardous, based on TCLP? Wastes that test less than 0.2mg/l soluble mercury are not considered hazardous under federal rules.

Other stringency or exemptions? Crushing can only be done by generator (40 CFR 262.34); crushed waste that is not UW- must be managed as RCRA HW. Crushing not allowed within federal UWR, but may be within State UW regulations. No one may crush third-party lamps without treatment authorization [1]. No mobile treatment units.


Jurisdiction: Maryland

Generator Exemption (CESQG): CESQGs are considered small quantity generators if the amount of HW is less than 100kg per month and less than 1kg acute HW per month. SQGs may not accumulate more than these amounts at any time.

Where can waste from CESQG go? MSWF are prohibited from accepting any HW, including from SQGs. Therefore all hazardous lamps must go to destination facilities.

Can the waste be declared non-hazardous, based on TCLP? same

Other stringency or exemptions? Allows crushing by generator as UW, provided the requirements of Code of Maryland Regulations are met.


State Regulatory Contacts


Mr. Edward Hammerberg - Chief, Regulations/Permitting Division

Agency Address: Maryland Dept. of Environment, Waste Management, 1800 Washington Blvd, Suite 645, Baltimore, MD, 21230

Phone: (410) 537-3345

Email: ehammerberg@mde.state.md.us



Mr. Caj Didigu - Chief, Tracking/Certification Division

Phone: (410) 537-3344


Main MDE Number

Phone: 1-800-633-6101 (Only Within State) - Ask operator to be transferred to desired extension


National Spills Emergency Hotline

Phone: 1-800-424-8802


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